Never rely on an assumed order

We’ve (hopefully) all had it drummed into us enough times – you cannot assume the order of results from queries unless you explicitly include an ORDER BY statement.

Here’s another trivial example of this- I was doing a little demo script for an AskTom question.

Here’s the script running in 11.2.0.4


SQL> create table T
  2  as
  3  select
  4    rownum c1,
  5    mod(rownum,10) c2,
  6    trunc(rownum/1000) c3,
  7    mod(rownum,100) c4,
  8    trunc(rownum/100) c5,
  9    mod(rownum,1000) c6,
 10    trunc(rownum/10) c7
 11  from dual
 12  connect by level <= 100;

Table created.

SQL>
SQL> begin
  2  for i in 1 .. 7 loop
  3    execute immediate 'create bitmap index IX'||i||' on T ( c'||i||')';
  4  end loop;
  5  end;
  6  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL>
SQL> select
  2    index_name,
  3    leaf_blocks,
  4    avg_leaf_blocks_per_key,
  5    avg_data_blocks_per_key
  6  from user_indexes
  7  where table_name = 'T';

INDEX_NAME                     LEAF_BLOCKS AVG_LEAF_BLOCKS_PER_KEY AVG_DATA_BLOCKS_PER_KEY
------------------------------ ----------- ----------------------- -----------------------
IX1                                      1                       1                       1
IX2                                      1                       1                       1
IX3                                      1                       1                       1
IX4                                      1                       1                       1
IX5                                      1                       1                       1
IX6                                      1                       1                       1
IX7                                      1                       1                       1

And here’s the same script running in 12.1.0.2


SQL> create table T
  2  as
  3  select
  4    rownum c1,
  5    mod(rownum,10) c2,
  6    trunc(rownum/1000) c3,
  7    mod(rownum,100) c4,
  8    trunc(rownum/100) c5,
  9    mod(rownum,1000) c6,
 10    trunc(rownum/10) c7
 11  from dual
 12  connect by level <= 100;

Table created.

SQL>
SQL> begin
  2  for i in 1 .. 7 loop
  3    execute immediate 'create bitmap index IX'||i||' on T ( c'||i||')';
  4  end loop;
  5  end;
  6  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL>
SQL> select
  2    index_name,
  3    leaf_blocks,
  4    avg_leaf_blocks_per_key,
  5    avg_data_blocks_per_key
  6  from user_indexes
  7  where table_name = 'T';

INDEX_NAME                     LEAF_BLOCKS AVG_LEAF_BLOCKS_PER_KEY AVG_DATA_BLOCKS_PER_KEY
------------------------------ ----------- ----------------------- -----------------------
IX7                                      1                       1                       1
IX6                                      1                       1                       1
IX5                                      1                       1                       1
IX4                                      1                       1                       1
IX3                                      1                       1                       1
IX2                                      1                       1                       1
IX1                                      1                       1                       1

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